Desoldering a bad triac

Some time ago, I wrote about the demise of my touch-lamp. After the bulb burnt out, the lamp no longer responded to touch. A bit of research online suggested that the triac had likely been destroyed by the bulb’s dying throes. It looked like this could be solved by replacing that part, but I wasn’t quite up to tackling it on my own.

Times have changed! I read through some excellent repair instructions (thanks to a helpful commenter on my original post) which noted that most such lamps are equipped with a BT134 or BT136 triac, which can only handle up to 4 amps of current. Simply replacing this component with a BT139 triac should solve the problem forever — BT139s can handle up to 16 amps. Thus encouraged, I pulled the base off my lamp and found, to my delight, that the author of those instructions was spot-on: my lamp had a BT134! Here’s the whole circuit board, with the three-pronged triac on the right:

The letters on the triac say “PH 500E BT134 m9650″. I’ve located the equivalent BT139 part which costs all of $1.19. (What’s sad is that the BT134 costs $0.87, so for just 32 cents more, the manufacturer could have saved me this hassle. But most manufacturers probably don’t want to spend 32 cents more to build the lamp even if I am willing to pay 32 cents (or even a dollar!) for a higher-reliability product, since they’re doing mass production and mass advertising and trying to beat their competitors’ prices, etc.)

The next step is to remove the old part and replace it with the new one. My boyfriend Evan seized on this opportunity to teach me how to solder. He demonstrated soldering two wires together, and I eagerly observed and then got to try it myself. Unlike stained-glass soldering (my only previous such experience), you don’t use flux to prep the surfaces you’re joining, but instead the solder has a “rosin” core that performs the same function. The solder container had a warning on it that included “do not breathe the solder fumes, and wash hands before eating or smoking”, which cracked me up. You heat the soldering iron above 370 F (the melting point of solder), wipe the tip of the iron on a sponge to clean it, then “tin” the tip with a dab of solder. You use the iron to heat the wires to be soldered, so that they are hot enough to melt the solder as well (rather than touching the iron to the solder directly, which would be harder to direct where you want it). On touching the tip of the (solid) solder to the hot wires, it melts and flows into crevices and gaps to seal the wires together.

After joining the two wires, Evan showed me how to desolder, both with a copper wick (an absorbent braided fabric that sucks up liquid solder) and with an aspirator (that suctions the liquid solder away). Encouraged by this example, I desoldered the bad triac out of the circuit board. Here’s the result (this is the back side of the board shown above; the desoldering took place on the left side near the scorch mark):

Now I just need to wait for the new triac to arrive, then borrow a soldering iron and stick it back in. (Or maybe I’ll have my own soldering iron by then!) And then, victory over the broken lamp will be mine!

Update (Feb. 13, 2011): I have successfully fixed the lamp!

8 Comments
4 of 6 people learned something from this entry.

  1. Tyestin said,

    February 5, 2011 at 5:02 pm

    (Learned something new!)

    Such a satisfying feeling, being able to fix something that is broken. :)

  2. jim said,

    February 5, 2011 at 6:45 pm

    (Knew it already.)

    geek :-)

    Mouser is also a good source for individual components. (They also charge a very reasonable shipping and handling for small orders.)

    While a cheap, $10 soldering iron will also work, I’ve been very pleased with my Weller WLC100 soldering iron – a Christmas gift a few years ago.

  3. Scott Van Essen said,

    February 8, 2011 at 4:09 pm

    (Knew it already.)

    I also recommend digikey as a fantastic supplier of just about any electrical component you can imagine. (I can get lost in their catalog like many can get lost in a thrift store). Sadly, as electronics get more and more integrated, the opportunities to do home repair grow scarcer and scarcer. I remember helping Evan try to repair a stereo a few years back. Good for you for learning a new skill and adding a new “Re” (Repair) to the reduce, reuse, recycle mantra.

    If you like, I can come over and inspect your workmanship to see if your soldering conforms to IPC-610E class III standards (suitable for medical and aerospace applications)

  4. Terran said,

    February 13, 2011 at 8:46 pm

    (Learned something new!)

    My boyfriend Evan…

    !!!

    I learned something new!

  5. jeff said,

    March 17, 2012 at 9:32 am

    can you give me the value of the resistor under the folded over thyristor? The thing was so badly smoked all the the color bands are indistinguishable

    thnks

  6. Kiri said,

    March 17, 2012 at 9:57 am

    Here’s the “after” picture, which I think shows the resistor you want:

    http://www.wkiri.com/today/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/2011-02-13-touchlamp-bt139.jpg

  7. pedro said,

    May 1, 2012 at 10:50 pm

    (Learned something new!)

    que buena información tengo ser la prueba ojala funcione o sino me quedare electrocutado jejeje gracias por esta buena información saludos de PERÚ- LIMA

  8. paul said,

    May 2, 2014 at 5:01 am

    (Learned something new!)

    Thanks for the information.
    I fixed my lamp as well.
    paul

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