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Sol 10: Stratigraphy and Clue

Today during our morning planning meeting, we discussed what our remaining goals for the mission would be. Our first week was a constant barrage of learning new procedures (for science investigations adapted to this environment; for keeping ourselves fed, watered, and clean; and for keeping the Hab functioning). Now that we’ve found our legs in those regards, our attention has opened out to thinking more broadly about what we want to accomplish. And now there are just four days left of our mission!

Brian has spent hours learning how his land streamer of seismic geophones works, so that he can deploy it to collect a seismic refraction profile of an intriguing inverted channel. Darrel has struggled to find time to work on his radio-controlled plane, which has a camera and could potentially be used for scouting good locations for on-foot investigations. Luis wants to culture and analyze the biological samples he’s already collected. Carla wants to compile the results of her Mars Dessert Research Station efforts. πŸ˜‰ I’ve been itching to get out and do some real geology, not just the tourist-geology I’ve accomplished so far (point and gasp and take pictures!). Of us all, Mike may be in the best position, having raised the radio telescope from 10 feet to 20 feet high early in the mission; he’s been happily collecting data ever since.

After much discussion about what our remaining EVAs might focus on, Brian determined that his land streamer deployment likely would require a seriously long (like all day) EVA—or even two such EVAs. He also needed some more time to plan just where and how he would deploy it. So we decided that I would use today to do a two-ish-hour EVA with a geology goal, and Brian will aim to do a seismic EVA tomorrow.

I jumped on the chance immediately. I wanted to find an outcrop and practice measuring a stratigraphic column in Mars-like field conditions (e.g., suit, gloves, helmet, etc.). From our crew’s previous EVA 8 to Candor Chasma, it seemed a likely place to find nice exposed layers. That crew had walked out to the Chasma, but we instead planned to drive up Lowell Highway to Cactus Road, aiming for the “Candor Chasma Access Parking” area, to shorten the trip.

Kiri and Mike contemplate the road ahead

Kiri and Mike contemplate the road ahead

So after lunch, Carla, Mike and I suited up. We exited the airlock at 1:45 p.m. and roared out on our three ATVs onto the “highway”, a moist concoction of snow and mud, but still quite drivable. As commander for the EVA, I led the group, with a mirror strapped to my left forearm so I could glance back and check on Carla and Mike without turning around (which is very difficult in the suits, and would be very unsafe if done while driving). I checked my GPS unit every so often so that I would know when the intersection with Cactus Road was at hand. I’d pre-loaded the GPS not only with our final destination but also with some waypoints compiled into a “route” (my first exercise of this GPS capability). Everything went fine at first—but then we overshot Cactus Road. We turned around and headed back slowly. I could see the waypoint blinking at me on the GPS screen, but we just could not find a road or track of any sort heading east of Lowell, due to thin but obscuring snow cover. After some dithering and scouting expeditions on foot, we gave up on that goal. Instead, I decided that we would head north on Lowell until we found an interesting outcrop and just map that.

Carla and Kiri traversing the Lowell North Sedimentary Outcrop

Carla and Kiri traversing the Lowell North Sedimentary Outcrop

As we went north, I was anxious—as commander of the EVA, it was my responsibility to make good use of our time, and I was thrown off by the failure to find Cactus Road. Would we even see anything interesting to the north? I’d been up there before on EVA 5 and only had a dim impression of lots and lots of soft, squishy, muddy Morrison Formation. I wanted solid rock with interesting structure to map.

Kiri delights in the outcrop

Kiri delights in the outcrop

EVA16_pano3 And then we lucked out! We spotted a low hill topped with some Dakota sandstone to the east of the road. (More accessible than the top of Olympus Mons, too!) We parked the ATVs and headed over on foot. And yes! It was fantastic! (Back at the Hab, we would learn that this site has a name: Lowell North Sedimentary Outcrop. So someone else thought it was worth study, too.)
Mike doing his Star Wars sandpeople impersonation

Mike doing his Star Wars sandpeople impersonation

We clambered up to the Dakota layer, and I walked Carla and Mike through the process of identifying layers and noting them down on paper. It definitely was good to have multiple people there. I couldn’t see my own suit well enough even to get the pencil out of my shoulder strap holder. We didn’t have a Jacob staff or Brunton compass, so we made do with a T-square we’d found in the EVA room, which had been augmented with a plumb bob to aid in standing it straight up.
Carla and Kiri sense a disturbance in the force

Carla and Kiri sense a disturbance in the force

We measured 13 distinct layers over 146.5 inches (the entire exposed section) and Carla and Mike took copious pictures to augment my hasty sketches. (Pencil, by the way, is highly superior to ballpoint pen in 36 F weather.) The layers were a combination of fine horizontally bedded sandstone, medium sand layers inclined about 30 degrees, and conglomerate layers with gravel and pebbles. Some of the latter seemed to have some inverse grading (finer grains at the bottom, coarser grains near the top), which can be created by debris (mud) flows, as opposed to deposition from water or air.

Kiri and the rock hammer

Kiri and the rock hammer

We spent a good chunk of time at the outcrop, then toured around it, also noting an impressive cave that sat below our level, under a treacherous overhang composed of the same crumbly/poorly consolidated rocks. We kept our distance from the edge despite its undeniable allure. I found a chunk of gypsum buried in some sand, and we collect a couple of other small samples to bring back to the Hab.

You can view the full EVA 16 information, including a map.

Olympus Mons from the northeast

Olympus Mons from the northeast

We returned at 4:07 p.m. Now I’m sitting at the work bench, writing reports, and savoring having done some field geology, here at MDRS! I plan to make up a proper section (to scale, with composition, grading, and layering noted) soon… when I can find time. Whee!

We’re planning to play MDRS Clue tonight. Darrel turns out to have some truly impressive artistic skills, and he became enamored of the idea of an MDRS-themed Clue game. So he put together a full game board, with MDRS locations instead of the traditional Clue ones; a set of character cards, based on the six of us and our roles; and a set of weapon cards (hydrochloric acid, horribly polluted GreenHab water, oxygen tank, wrench, rock hammer, and a cool lookin’ rock). The end result is really cool! We’ll leave it here for future crews to enjoy. (See the board below. He drew all the locations from photos of the actual areas and they are very realistic!)

And with that, goodnight!


  1. Luis Saraiva says:

    oh no you forgot to mention that the hydrochloric acid is a 37% solution!!! πŸ˜€

  2. Wendy says:

    The devil is in the details! That 37% made this post! πŸ˜‰ You guys are awesome, and I totally wish I were there with you all!

  3. Kiri says:

    Wendy, you have no idea just how present you are. πŸ™‚ Your name comes up on a daily basis! If only the webcams had microphones! πŸ˜‰

  4. I’m actually glad that the webcams don’t have sound, even if they weren’t just millisecond sound clips every three minutes. I don’t know who would want to hear us saying “nake” and “о мой бог” (I hope that’s right, Carla!) every few minutes…

    … nake

  5. Luis Saraiva says:


  6. Evan says:

    The Clue board is awesome. πŸ™‚

    I suddenly realized I’m curious about the use of the term EVA. I know it’s a traditional space exploration term, but does the Hab really qualify as a vehicle? Wouldn’t EHA or something be more accurate?

  7. admin says:

    Evan, we actually debated that exact question a few days ago! The Mars Direct scenario proposed by Robert Zubrin has the crew landing the spacecraft used to travel from Earth to Mars, and then using it as their habitat — which is a vehicle that no longer goes anywhere. So a crew might reasonably continue using EVA even after landing. However, there is disagreement amongst our crew about favorite terms for these expeditions. Darrel prefers “sortie” or “walkabout”, and Brian likes “field party.” πŸ™‚ Nothing as concise as EVA has yet been proposed. Ideas?


  8. […] planned to do the first seismic EVA yesterday, but I just wasn’t ready, so Kiri led the geology section EVA yesterday instead. Darrel, Luis, and Brian in the […]

  9. Evan says:


    EHA – replacing ‘vehicle’ with ‘habitat’ – is the only thing that immediately pops to mind.


  10. I got a little behind on these posts…
    I love the Clue game, that’s very creative.
    And I’m thinking it would be a lot of fun to go on a hike with Kiri; her excitement over the geological finds sounds very infectious!

  11. Kiri says:

    You’d *think* it would be fun! Instead I got made fun of by Mike and Darrel on these EVAs πŸ˜‰ (in a good way, of course)

  12. Kiri:
    Well, you made fun of me for playing air guitar with the T-square, so we even out… I’m still filtering through SURF stuff, and I think I have it narrowed down to four right now. I’ll probably have a decision tonight or tomorrow.

  13. Kiri says:

    Did you see the one on direct imaging of extrasolar planets? Cool!

    Btw, if you’re at all interested, contact the mentors ASAP — they may already have picked students since there’s the proposal-writing process that has to be completed by the deadline, and even after they pick a student the opportunity still stays posted (so no way to know if they’re still looking). So (kind of deceptively) you don’t have until the deadline to make *your* decision. (But contacting them now isn’t a firm commitment, either, just a way to get your name under consideration.)

  14. Kiri:
    Yes, but unfortunately, like the other cool ones, it’s only for Caltech students…

    Copy that. I think I have it narrowed to two:
    3D Visualization of Solar Storm Propagation from the Sun to Earth
    Time-Dependence of Saturn’s Atmosphere from Mid-Infrared Imaging

  15. Kiri says:

    So unfair! Why do Caltech students get all the cool stuff? πŸ™‚ The ones you cite also look interesting. Hey, if you learn IDL, you can do more SCRIPTING!